The goddess Athena The Greek goddess Athena was probably initially the goddess of storms and lightning. But she lost her meteorological character and became the goddess of peace and of soldiers in battle, complete with helmet and spear. She was also the protector of sculptors and architects and some artisans. A Greek Athena, National Museum in Athens An Etruscan Minerva. British Museum, London A Roman Minerva A Greek Athena. National Museum, Athens Sketched and partially reconstructed by the author.